Karoo Meat Of Origin – Farmer Standards

Karoo Meat of Origin

Karoo Meat of Origin


This is the protocols that Karoo meat of origin farms must conform to.

Karoo Meat of Origin standard: Farmer/ producer

 

Index

  1. 1.     Introduction
  2. 2.     Lamb specification
    1. a.     Breed
    2. b.     Carcass mass
    3. c.     Classification

                                               i.     Age
                                             ii.     Fat
                                            iii.     Conformation

  1. d.     Damage
  2. 3.     Traceability
    1. a.     Animal identification system
    2. b.     Document and record control
    3. c.     Declaration of compliance
    4. 4.     Vegetation
    5. 5.     Animal Health and Welfare
      1. a.     Camp design
      2. b.     Handling facility design
      3. c.     Secure fencing
      4. d.     Health program and records
      5. 6.     Feed and water
        1. a.     Grazing
        2. b.     No animal byproducts
        3. c.     Supplementary feeding
        4. d.     Fresh potable water
        5. 7.     Housing and handling
        6. 8.     Transport
          1. a.     Truck design
          2. b.     Gentle driving
          3. 9.     Environmental protection
          4. 10.  Audits
          5. 11.  Non-conformance to specifications


Karoo Meat of Origin Farmer/ -producer standard

The Certified Karoo Meat of Origin mark guarantees the origin, flavour and quality of Karoo meat.  Only certified meat shall be purchased and processed and sold as Karoo Meat of Origin.

  1. 1.     Introduction

This standard is applicable to all Karoo Meat of Origin farmers/ -producers.  This standard is designed to be compatible with other more demanding food safety standards.
The content of the standard/ -guideline has been developed keeping other standards and the South African legal requirements in mind.

  1. 2.     Lamb specification

Only carcasses falling in the following categories of the South African meat classification system (as specified in Meat Classification Regulations No R863 published in the RSA Government Gazette of 1 September 2006) qualify for certification as Karoo sheep meat of origin:

Breed   Preferably meat breed types with good bone: muscle ratio with an even fat distribution.
Carcass mass   16 to 21kg
Classification Age classes A, AB, B and C
  Fat classes 1 to 6
  Conformation 3, 4 and 5
Damage   Only  F1 damage allowed

 
In particular, the following classes of carcasses do not qualify for certification:

  • Age classes: AB, BBB, CCC stamped MD indicating rams or carcasses showing signs of late castration in those age groups
  • Carcasses with code 2 and 3 damage
  1. 3.     Traceability

The integrity of the Karoo Meat of Origin certification system is totally reliable on the full traceability of the lambs.  It is therefore critical to have full traceability in place at all times.  This includes both in the veldt and as far as document control is concerned.

  1. a.     Animal identification system

i.     Each individual animal must at least be identifiable by the mark of the specific producer.  This could be done by tattoo mark, ear tag numbering, etc.
ii.     The identification mark must be visible at all times.
iii.     All relevant records must be kept on file.
 

  1. Document and record control

An animal stock register must be in place to assist with the full traceability of the lambs.  The following information must be recorded:

  • Identification number or marking of the animal.
  • Date of birth (estimate).
  • Sex and breed.
    • Details of origin.
    • A detailed record of the medical treatment and vaccination of the animals
    • The date, on which the animal was sent for slaughter.
  1. c.     Declaration of compliance

i.     Animals, ready for slaughter, may only be removed from the farm if accompanied by a DECLARATION OF COMPLIANCE TO KAROO MEAT OF ORIGINSTANDARDS (Addendum 3).
ii.     This form must be completed and signed by the producer (or an authorized person).
iii.     The producer will keep a copy of the DECLARATION OF COMPLIANCE TO KAROO MEAT OF ORIGINSTANDARDS, while the other copy will accompany the specific truck to the dedicated abattoir.  The abattoir will only accept animals for slaughter that are accompanied by a Declaration of Compliance.
iv.     Keep this copy on file for auditing purposes.
 

  1. 4.     Vegetation
    1. It has been scientifically proven that the distinctive character/ flavour of the meat of Karoo sheep mainly derive from naturally occurring, predominant indigenous vegetation consisting of the following species:
      1.                                                i.     Plinthus karrooicus (“Silverkaroo”)
      2.                                              ii.     Penzia spinescens (“Skaapbossie”)
      3.                                             iii.     Eriocephalus ericoides (“Kapokbossie”)
      4.                                             iv.     Salsola glabrescens (“Rivierganna”)
      5.                                               v.     Pentzia incana (“Ankerkaroo)
      6.                                             vi.     Pieronia glauca / Rosenia humilis (“Perdebos”)

 

  1. According to the Karoo Meat of Origin scheme, the Karoo region is defined with reference to municipal districts listed in Addendum 1 and Addendum 2 (below) and only sheep meat producers farming within these municipal boundaries could qualify as users of the Certification Mark.

 
 

  1.                                              ii.     In addition municipal districts listed in Addendum 2 (below) can also qualify as forming part of the Karoo region, but a prospective producer or farm is required to first be inspected by the third party auditing company in order to verify that at least two of the identified Karoo bushes are significantly present in more than 60% of the area of specified grazing camps on the specific farm. Again, the issue is subject to the KDF (or third party’s) investigation and final decision.

 

  1. 5.     Animal Health and Welfare

Stocks must be handled in such a way that does not compromise their welfare.

  1. a.     Camp design

                                               i.     Animals in this programs may be brought off veld and kept in pens only for the following:

  1. Medical treatment, processing or any other form of examination.
  2. Adverse weather conditions.
  3. Marking/tagging of animals.
  4. Shearing activities.
  5. Awaiting loading for transportation.

After completion of the first four processes, the animals must be returned to veld immediately.
ii.     In all instances (camps & pens), the construction to be done in such a way that injury to animals will not occur.
iii.     During confinement in a pen, allow minimum 1, 5 m² per animal.
iv.     An extensive camp rearing system must be followed for all animals in this program at all times.  It must be in compliance with point 6 a iv.
v.     The slope of ground to be such as to ensure light and free draining and not be susceptible to flooding.  Animals must have access to a well-drained resting area and to natural or constructed shelter.
 

  1. b.     Handling facility design

i.     Farms must have well maintained handling facilities
ii.     The facilities must be well designed to ensure the easy flow of sheep through the facility.
iii.     It must be free from sharp edges, corners and broken rails that may cause the sheep to injure themselves.
 

  1. c.     Secure fencing

i.     Camps must be properly secured in containing animals.
ii.     Fences and gates must be maintained in good working order to ensure adequate control and safekeeping of stocks.
 

  1. d.     Health program and records

i.     Owners and managers should ensure that the sheep are monitored on a routine basis to assess the overall health of the flock.
ii.     An animal health program must be in place and reviewed at least annually.
iii.     A comprehensive pest control program must be in place, ensuring effective control of vermin, flies and other pests.
iv.     All veterinary medicines must be used as directed by a veterinarian and must be used in accordance with legislation and the manufacturer’s specifications.
v.     Health and performance records must be maintained.  Keep accurate written records of all veterinary medicines administered, regarding:

  • Diagnoses / Reason for treatment
  • Date administered & withdrawal period.
  • Specific medicine(s) used & dosages.
  • Animal information.
  • Veterinarian’s recommendation/check.
  • Name of person who administered medicine(s).

vi.     Only competent, well trained persons should administer veterinary medicines/ carry out veterinary procedures.
vii.     Medicinewithdrawal periods must be conformed to.
viii.     Growth stimulants: All growth stimulants, either hormonal or anti-microbial and administered in whatever way to the animal, are prohibited in this Program.
ix.     Anti-microbial drugs: The prophylactic (preventative) treatment with any anti-microbial drug is not allowed in this program.
x.     All veterinary medicines must be securely locked away in a dry, cool cupboard.  Where required, supply refrigeration for certain medicines (e.g. vaccines).
xi.     All veterinary equipment must be stored and used under clean and hygienic conditions.
 

  1. 6.     Feed and water

 a.     Grazing
i.     The reputation or distinctive character of the meat of Karoo sheep derives from free range grazing or production on indigenous veldt vegetation.
ii.     Hence only sheep that feeds freely from indigenous veldt, in sizable camps representative of the identified typical Karoo vegetation, and that has access to clean water, qualifies for certification.  Thus, these animals are allowed to express all patterns of normal behavior and association in a free environment.
iii.     Likewise, meat from sheep that are mainly reared on cultivated or planted pastures, or kept in feed lots does not qualify for certification.
iv.     Camp stocking rates should be such as to ensure that the natural environment and general plant condition and density are not adversely affected (preventing over-grazing).  Indigenous veldt must be rested (not be exposed to over-grazing) from time to time to ensure optimum growth and production (a planned and scientific veldt rotational system should be used). High pressure points (water troughs, lick bins, etc.) must be managed to minimize damage caused by trampling.
 

  1. b.     No animal byproducts

No animal products or by-products(including such as carcass meal, blood meal, bone meal, tallow, chicken litter, etc.) may be given as feeding, irrespective of the classification in terms of the Fertilisers, Farm feeds, Agricultural Remedies and Stock Remedies Act 36 of 1947.
 

  1. c.     Supplementary feeding

i.     The occasional use of additional feeding supplements that may contain cereals, silage or any other natural plant matter, provided as supplementary feeding (“byvoeding”), for example, to assist during dry spells and to improve the condition of animals during the reproductive cycle, may be allowed to a maximum of 30% of the total intake/ daily requirements.
                                             ii.     The supplementary feeding must be given while the animal is still grazing on the Karoo veldt and roaming freely.
iii.     Only registered brand names may be fed of which the composition is known to the farmer.
iv.     It can consist of added minerals, urea, good quality hay and/or any other acceptable forms of supplementation.

  1.                                               v.     Feed not to contain any feedstuff known for excess heavy metal and pesticide disposition.
  2.                                             vi.     No GM products may be fed to the animals.
  3.                                            vii.     Added antibiotics and other chemical additives (e.g. ionophores, etc.) are not allowed in the feed of any animal.
  4.                                          viii.     During supplementary feeding, feed bins/troughs must be cleaned regularly, ensuring that old and damp feed is removed to prevent souring.
  5.                                             ix.     Keep accurate written records of all supplementary feed, fed to animals on the farm, regarding:
    1. Ingredient composition (%).
    2. Feed invoices.
    3. The quantities of the different feeds fed per camp

x.     All supplementary feed must be stored securely, in order to prevent the risk of contamination, and be clearly identified.
 

  1. d.     Fresh potable water

i.     Water sources must be capable of supplying sufficient amounts of cold, fresh and clean water to meet the requirements of healthy, grazing sheep.
ii.     Water points should be clean and free of excessive mud in and around water troughs.
iii.     Drinking troughs must be cleaned on a regular basis to eliminate the growth of algae and the deposit of waste feed and other contaminants.
 

  1. 7.     Housing and handling
    1. Sheep should be handled with patience and tolerance with due allowance for their natural behavior.
    2. Handle sheep gently to reduce stress levels.

 

  1. 8.     Transport
    1. a.     Truck design

i.     Transportation of livestock must be in accordance with the regulatory procedures laid down under the Animal Protection Act 71 of 1962.
ii.     Trucks must not be overloaded and all vehicles must be well maintained and constructed with no physical protrusion, for example, hinges and latches are recessed, no bolts left protruding.
iii.     Animals to be loaded for slaughter must comply to the following:

  1. Be fit and healthy.
  2. Have access to drinking water up to the point of loading.

iv.     Animals to be gathered herded and coaxed onto trucks without screaming, beating, prodding, kicking, etc. as not to excite animals.  This process must be quick and with the minimum stress and discomfort to the animal.
v.     A suitable non-slip floor.A steel grid on the floor will prevent slipping.
vi.     Adequate ventilation and light whilst in motion and when stationary.
vii.     A totally enclosed vehicle is unacceptable.
viii.     Adequate protection from exhaust gasses.
ix.     The density of animals packed into any given space shall be such as to ensure the safety and comfort of the animals during transport.  The recommended floor space is 0.4 square metres per sheep.
x.     Proper record keeping related to the movement of animals between farms or from farm to abattoir is also required.  A removal certificate must accompany stock.
xi.     Off-loading at the abattoir preferably to be done on a hydraulic scissor type ramp. Ramp should not have a slope bigger than 30° with the horizontal. No kicking, prodding, shouting or beating shall take place.
 

  1. b.     Driving

i.     The transport of sheep should have as its main consideration the avoidance of stress on the animals.  Avoid the handling of the vehicle in such a manner as to cause the sheep conveyed therein to slip, fall or be injured.
ii.     Follow the shortest route to the destination to keep the transport time as short as possible.
iii.     Animals should not be transported more than 250km to an abattoir.  Any distance further than 250km needs to be approved by KMOO first.
iv.     Do not stop for more than 30 minutes while transporting sheep.
 

  1. 9.     Environmental protection
    1. Sheep require shelter from extremes of weather for example windbreaks.
    2. Predator Control

i.     It is important to control predators with a well-coordinated approach by using a combination of best practices.
ii.     Preferably use non-lethal methods like natural shepherds (dogs, donkeys, and alpacas), predator proof fences and livestock protection collars.
iii.     The control measure must be legal.
 

  1. 10.  Audits

In order to ensure full compliance to above-mentioned specifications, the Karoo Meat of Origin scheme will be conducting annual(unless otherwise specified) audits.   This will be conducted by an independent auditing body (e.g. SAMIC), as appointed by the KDF.
This audit will include a paper audit to cross check figures with land capacity/ abattoir, etc.
 

  1. 11.  Non-conformance to specifications
    1. Animals which do not comply with the above-mentioned specifications will not be eligible to be used for Karoo Meat of Origin.
    2. The right to use the certification mark will be terminated immediately if a farmer is found, at any stage, not to be adhering to the specifications.
    3. We also ask that any person who is aware of malpractices anywhere in the chain to report it to KMOO via our Website “Contact Us” at www.karoomeatoforigin.com.

Addendum 1

Municipality

TYPE1

PROVINCE

DISTRICT2

Area (km2)

Camdeboo

B

Eastern Cape

DC10

7230

Inxuba Yethemba

B

Eastern Cape

DC13

11592

ECDMA10

DMA

Eastern Cape

DC10

13280

Karoo Hoogland

B

Northern Cape

DC6

29397

Ubuntu

B

Northern Cape

DC7

20389

Umsobomvu

B

Northern Cape

DC7

6819

Emthanjeni

B

Northern Cape

DC7

11390

Kareeberg

B

Northern Cape

DC7

17702

Beaufort West

B

Western Cape

DC5

16330

WCDMA05

DMA

Western Cape

DC5

5587

 
Notes:         1 – See the Local Government: Municipal Structures Act (Act 117 of 1998)
                       2 – As determined by the Municipal Demarcation Board
Addendum 2

Municipality

TYPE1

PROVINCE

DISTRICT2

Area (km2)

Letsemeng

B

Free State

DC16

10225

Kopanong

B

Free State

DC16

15248

Mohokare

B

Free State

DC16

8776

Tokologo

B

Free State

DC18

9326

NCDMA06

DMA

Northern Cape

DC6

24764

NCDMA08

DMA

Northern Cape

DC8

65103

Hantam

B

Northern Cape

DC6

27968

Kai !Garib

B

Northern Cape

DC8

7446

//Khara Hais

B

Northern Cape

DC8

3444

!Kheis

B

Northern Cape

DC8

6436

KhΓi-Ma

B

Northern Cape

DC6

8332

Nama Khoi

B

Northern Cape

DC6

15025

Kamiesberg

B

Northern Cape

DC6

11742

Siyathemba

B

Northern Cape

DC7

8209

Siyancuma

B

Northern Cape

DC7

10024

Renosterberg

B

Northern Cape

DC7

5527

Thembelihle

B

Northern Cape

DC7

6980

Sol Plaatjie

B

Northern Cape

DC9

1877

NCDMA07

DMA

Northern Cape

DC7

15687

Laingsburg

B

Western Cape

DC5

8784

Prince Albert

B

Western Cape

DC5

8153

Blue Crane

B

Eastern Cape

DC10

9836

Ikwezi

B

Eastern Cape

DC10

4453

Baviaans

B

Eastern Cape

DC10

7727

Tsolwana

B

Eastern Cape

DC13

6025

Inkwanca

B

Eastern Cape

DC13

3584

ECDMA13

DMA

Eastern Cape

DC13

133

Maletswai

B

Eastern Cape

DC14

4358

Gariep

B

Eastern Cape

DC14

8911

 
Notes:         1 – See the Local Government: Municipal Structures Act (Act 117 of 1998)
                       2 – As determined by the Municipal Demarcation Board
Addendum 3

DECLARATION OF COMPLIANCE TO KAROO MEAT OF ORIGINSTANDARDS

Verklaring dat die eienaar van die diere gelewer (aan die slagpale) voldoen aan die Karoo Meat of Origin standaarde.
Declaration that the owner of animals delivered to the abattoir complies with the Karoo Meat of Origin standards.
 
Ek / I,      ________________________________________________________    (volle name)
(full name)
 
van die plaas/plase        _____________________________________________              (plaas se naam)
of the farm(s)                                                                                                                                           (farm name/s)
 
en gesertifiseer  as ‘n “Karoo Meat of Origin” verskaffer met nommer                                       _____________  and accredited as a Woolworths “Karoo Meat of Origin” supplier with number
 
verklaar hiermee / hereby declare:
 
dat die diere gelewer deur my aan                                                                                                     (Slagpale Naam)
that the animals delivered by me to       _________________________________ (Name of Abattoir)
 
aan al die “Karoo Meat of Origin” spesifikasies voldoen.
comply with all the “Karoo Meat of Origin” specifications.
 
Geteken / Signed:             ____________________________________                                   
Datum/Date:                        ________________________
 
 

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